Monday, December 22, 2008

Egyptian Magic

Egyptians were the masters magicians in the ancient world. It was said that "ten measures of magic" were given to the world. Egypt took nine, the rest took one. A few thousands years ago, the studies of religion, magic and science were intimately interwoven. The paintings on the wall and tombs, for instance, there were actually signify magical spells.

Sometimes, it also regarded as the "Book of the Dead", a source where it details spells, rituals, and incantations to ward off danger and evil in the soul's long journey into the afterlife. The first recorded magicians were in Egypt at the time of the Pharaohs. Magic was an enormous force in Egypt at the time of Exodus. It is known that in the past centuries, those people have the abilities to predict the future recognised as two different gifts. It is said that magicians were also skilled in phophecy at that time.

To Egyptians, words were magical and in order to preserve them, hieroglyphics were created. One of them is the "Eye of Horus", which is often used in magic. Horus was the son of the two chief deities, Osiris and Isis. Osiris's brother Seth killed Osiris out of jealousy. Horus avenged his father by attacking Seth, but during the battle, Seth gouged out Horu's eye. The eye was considered a symbol of the soul in ancient Egypt, so without it, Horus would be denied entry to the afterlife.

Thoth, the bird-headed god of reckoning, returned the eye to Horus in the form of amulet. To guarantee entry into the underworld, ancient Egypts used to place precious amulets featuring the eye on their dead. Haitian, Wiccan, Voodoo, Obeah and Indian mystical traditions inherit the symbolism of the eye as the "all-seeing eye" or the "third eye".

Andrew Loh

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